**The Greatest Blunder of Science: „Electric Charge“ is a Synonym for „Geometric Area“**

**Its fundamental SI Unit „Coulomb“ is a Synonym for„Square Meter“**

**Georgi Stankov, March 20, 2017**

The recognition that the *physical world = the universe = All-That-Is* we observe with our limited senses as sentient human beings has only **two** **dimensions/ constituents** –** space** and **time** and can therefore be assessed only as **space-time** (as already done in the *theory of relativity* but not fully comprehended yet by all physicists) – is the greatest revolution in the human world view, once it is fully anchored in the minds of the people. That is why I departed in this series of articles from the *SI system* by proving so far that five of its six **basic SI units** can be reduced to the two dimensions – space and time (frequency).

As it is generally acknowledged that all the other SI dimensions and units are composites of these six fundamental dimensions and units, this is the unequivocal proof that space-time = energy = All-That-Is **has only two dimensions – space and time**. In this context it is vital to reiterate one more time that any physical experiment contains the SI system as a **method of definition and measurement** of the observed physical quantities and parameters so that reliable and reproducible results can be achieved.

At the same time I have proved beyond any doubt that the **method of definition** and **measurement** of all physical quantities is **mathematics** and/or **geometry**. As both disciplines are hermeneutic categorical systems of human consciousness and have no external object of study, all physical quantities present-day physics deals with are **abstract** categories of the human mind and not intrinsic properties of physical matter as it is erroneously believed by all physicists today. When this knowledge is fully internalized, one has an open access to the new Physical and Mathematical Theory of the Universal Law.

So far I have proved in my previous articles that five of the six fundamental SI dimensions and their corresponding units can be derived (and thus eliminated), from the two basic constituents of space-time = energy = All-That-Is – *space* and *time (frequency*) as this is listed below one more time for the sake of clarity:

**(1)***length (metre) (Part 1),***(2)**conventional time (second) (Part 1),**(3)**mass (kilogram) (Part 2 and Part 3),**(4)**temperature (kelvin) (Part 4),, also called “**(5)**amount of substance*the mole“ (mol) (Part 3)*,**(6)***current (ampere)*and*charge (coulomb)*

The last two dimensions and SI units,** current (ampere)** and

*are defined in a circular manner so that they can be reduced to one dimension and unit as I shall explain below. Since I have discussed both quantities in a comprehensive article published on this website, I will refrain from giving the full proof here as it contains some complicated mathematical equations and necessitates a very deep knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics. I recommend my readers to read my article in full here:*

**charge (coulomb),****The Greatest Blunder of Science: „Electric Charge“ is a Synonym for „Geometric Area“**

and also Volume II on this same topic. Below I will quote the basic conclusions of this article:

**“Abstract**

“The current definition of the basic quantity „**electric charge**“ and its fundamental SI unit „**coulomb**“ in physics is undoubtedly the greatest blunder of modern science. When the **principles of mathematical formalism **are applied to this definition, it can be proven in an irrevocable manner that „**electric charge**“ is not an intrinsic property of matter, as is erroneously believed in physics today, but a synonym for „**geometric area**“, while its SI unit „**coulomb**“ is a synonym for „**square meter**“. The reason for this **systemic blunder** is the incomplete, and hence, formalistically wrong translation of the current definition of electric charge into a mathematical equation by physicists, from which they have subsequently derived all known laws of electricity, magnetism and electromagnetism. Thus, this formalistic blunder has been replicated infinite times throughout the history of this science and has biased the whole edifice of physics and natural sciences from mathematical, epistemological and cognitive point of view. This revolutionary physical and mathematical proof affects the very foundation of modern science. At the same time it opens the possibility for a full axiomatisation of physics and its development to a consistent, unified theory of the physical world (see Volume II).

**Introduction**

The current definition of the basic quantity „**electric charge**“ and its fundamental SI unit „**coulomb**“ in physics is, undoubtedly, the greatest blunder of science since the rejection of the geocentric *Ptolemaic system* of the universe in late Renaissance, when the foundation of modern science was laid by such prominent scholars as Copernicus, Galilei, Kepler and Descartes.

Although since then billions of physicists, scientists, teachers and students have studied, educated and used the definition of „electric charge“ in the firm belief that it is an intrinsic property of matter, and are still doing so today in schools, universities and experimental research all over the world, they have obviously failed to realize that this definition of charge is, in fact, a **synonym **(tautology, pleonasm) of the simple geometric term „**area**“, which is known since antiquity, e.g. in *Euclidean geometry*. Accordingly, the SI unit „**coulomb**“ is a synonym for the area unit „**square meter**“:

**charge = geometric area**

**1 coulomb = 1 m^{2} **

The reason, why this greatest scientific blunder could have occurred in such an „exact“ natural discipline as physics, lies solely in the fact that physicists have translated the verbal, non-mathematical definition of „electric charge“ in an incomplete, and hence, wrong way into a mathematical equation, from which they have subsequently derived all known laws of electricity. Thus they have biased the theory of electromagnetism, and also quantum mechanics where all elementary particles of matter are supposed to have a charge, from an epistemological and cognitive point of view. This elementary and incomprehensible mathematical inconsistency has been grossly overlooked by educated mankind and exposes present-day physics as fake science.

In the following, an impeccable and irrevocable mathematical proof will be presented that is based on the **methodological principle of mathematical formalism**, namely, the **principle of inner consistence and lack of contradiction**, also known as **Hilbert’s formalism**: It will be shown that „electric charge“ is not an intrinsic property of matter, as is believed in physics today, but a synonym for „geometric area“, and that the SI unit „*coulomb*“ is a synonym for „*square meter*“.

All mathematical proofs presented in this publication are accomplished according to established physical theory and experimental evidence, and adhere diligently to currently accepted definitions in electricity and magnetism that can be found in any comprehensive textbook on physics. The new, revolutionary aspect of the present elaboration is the consistent implementation of mathematical formalism in physics and the novel interpretation of the epistemological and cognitive background of basic physical terms.”

The two basic quantities of electricity and their SI units – **charge Q** with the SI unit “**coulomb“ (C**), and **current I** with the SI unit “

**ampere**“ are defined in physics as follows:

(I) „*The SI unit of charge is the coulomb, which is defined in terms of the unit of electric current, the ampere (The ampere is defined in terms of a magnetic-force measurement…( F = *

**E**

*1,*

**/s**, when s =**which is actually energy measurement, see Universal Equation**

*F*= E*). The coulomb (C) is the*“. (1)

**amount of charge**flowing through a**cross-sectional area (A)**of a wire in**one second**(time) when the current in the wire is one**ampere (action potential)**(II) „*If ΔQ is the charge that flows through the cross-sectional area A in time Δt, the current is I = ΔQ/Δt. The SI unit of current is the ampere (A): 1A = 1C/s*“. (2)

This circular, tautological definition of the two fundamental quantities of electricity, *charge* and *current*, within the SI system is based on the geometric method of measurement of their units. Practically, it is based on the definition and measurement of the **(electro)-magnetic force **which is an abstract mathematical quantity of the **primary term** “**energy**” (**F = ****E*** /s, when s = *1,

**). This force is also called**

*F*= E**electromotive force (emf)**.

The classical definition of *electric charge* and *current*, as quoted above, implements mathematics in an inconsistent way and introduces a systemic flaw in electricity that extends throughout the whole edifice of physics. This has not been realized so far. When the non-mathematical, verbal definition of electric current (II) is presented in mathematical symbols in physics, the quantity “**cross-sectional area A**“ is omitted without any reason:

* I = ΔQ/Δt*.

This omission in the mathematical presentation of the current is a fundamental formalistic blunder with grievous cognitive consequences for this discipline. This becomes evident when we express the present formula of the current in non-mathematical terms:

*“Electric current I* is the *charge ΔQ* that flows during the *time* Δ*t* or alternatively: “* current is charge per time*.“

This definition is meaningless, as physics “does not know what charge is“ (3).

In reality, the **current is measured in relation to the cross-sectional area A of the conductor according to the principle of circular argument**. The latter is the only operational method, with which all six known physical quantities in the SI system are initially defined within mathematics and then measured in a secondary manner in the real physical world (see above). As I have shown for the other five basic dimensions (quantities and SI units) this procedure is the foundation of the SI system – it is the universal method of definition and measurement of all physical quantities and their corresponding SI units.

The **principle of circular argument** operates as follows: For each specific physical quantity, defined in an *a priori* mathematical manner in the mind, a real physical system is chosen as a *reference system* and its specific quantity, e.g. *energy, force, space, time*, etc., is assigned the number „one“ = 1. This is a basic mathematical procedure, a **primary axiom** in the new Axiomatics that allows the application of mathematics to real objects.

In the above definition of *charge*, the reference system is the **cross-sectional area A** of the wire, which can be experimentally measured. The **charge** is then defined as a relationship to** A** and **is thus per definition also area**:

**I = ****Δ****Q/A****Δ*** t*.

One can only compare identical quantities. When **A = 1**, the cross-sectional area may disappear optically as a quantity from the mathematical equation of the current, but it is still part of its theoretical definition. This fact has been grossly overlooked by all physicists so far and I am speaking here of millions (?) of physicists and scientists since Galilei founded physics four centuries ago.

As the *electric current I* and its SI unit *ampere* is part of this circular definition, and its method of definition and measurement is the *electromotive force F* which is an abstract quantity of the **primary term, energy E = SP(A)[2d-space-time]**, it is very simple to show that electric current is defined as electromagnetic

**action potential:**

*Current = I =* E_{A}= *SP(A)*[*1d-space-time*][*1d-space*]

From this elaboration we can derive the following fundamental, universal, **methodological principle** concerning the *method of definition and measurement* of all physical quantities in physics:

**Physical relationships can only be built between identical quantities**.

There is no exception to this rule. Relationships between heterogeneous quantities are meaningless, unless they are associated with *conversion factors* that establish the equality of dimensions in a physical equation. Such conversion factors are often defined in physics as **natural constants**. This is the mathematical basis of modern physics that should be the topic of any true methodology of this natural science.

The aforementioned basic formalistic considerations regarding the application of mathematics in physics were made for the first time in this theoretical clarity by myself after I discovered the Universal Law and developed the new physics in the 90s, although they have been intuitively followed in conventional physics, unfortunately not in a consistent way, as has been shown for the *definition of charge* above.

It is a basic axiomatic knowledge that:

it is sufficient to introduce only one wrong statement in a mathematical system to bias the whole system.

This knowledge, as proven by *Gödel* in 1931, has undermined Hilbert’s formalism, with which the consistency of mathematics ought to be proven by finite procedures (4). This has triggered the **foundation crisis of mathematics** (**Grundlagenkrise der Mathematik**) as embodied by the *continuum hypothesis* and the famous *Russell’s antinomy.* This crisis is still ongoing, notwithstanding the fact that nowadays all mathematicians and theoreticians prefer not to take any notice of it.

Since physics is applied mathematics to the physical world, the ongoing foundation crisis of mathematics also affects the theoretical foundation of this natural science. Gödel proved essentially that mathematics, being a hermeneutic discipline without an external object of study, cannot furnish the missing **proof of existence (Existenzbeweis)** by *finite* procedures and thus achieve its full **axiomatisation** with its own means. Each time such formalistic procedures are applied to the structure of mathematics, they lead to fundamental **antinomies** and challenge its very foundation. Gödel’s theorem tells us in plain words that, in order to solve its ongoing foundation crisis, mathematics should seek its proof of existence in the real physical world.

The goal should be the establishment of an integrated physical and mathematical axiomatics based on *finite* procedures, with the help of which the *proof of existence* should be empirically rendered. Such an axiomatics should depart from a small number of primary axioms – ideally from a single primary axiom – that are valid in both physics and mathematics, so that there will no longer be any artificial theoretical separation between the two disciplines.

The new Axiomatics of the Universal Law departs from one single term, the **primary term** and **axiom,** which is both the origin of physics and mathematics:

**Primary Term = Energy = Space-Time = Continuum =**

**Continuum of numbers = ****Infinity = All-That-Is**

The theoretical results of the present publication in the field of *electricity* and *electromagnetism* shows that this task can be easily achieved within the existing structure of physics by consistently implementing the *principles of mathematical formalism* and thereby eradicating all mathematical, formalistic blunders that have been historically introduced in this natural science. Such mathematically inconsistent statements and definitions contaminate the structure of present-day physics, where all mathematical equations are essentially correct and all their verbal interpretations are entirely wrong.

This has hindered the unification of physics and its natural evolution to a **transcendental biophysics** as I have done in the new **General Theory of Science of the Universal Law **(read also here). In fact, present-day, conventional physics is a “fake science” in terms of true cognition of All-That-Is, just as the “fake MSM news” are a total distortion of the political and economic reality in which humanity dwells on the cusp of its ascension.

Present-day physics is incapable of grasping 3D space-time as a *holographic* image of the limited human senses and perception and its current transformation to a multidimensional simultaneity where the identical physical quantities (dimensions), *conventional time* and *space* (as *distance*), are eliminated as a human illusion once and for all.

**Only energy and frequencies really exist in All-That-Is**.

At present, physics, being a scientific categorical system for the physical world, cannot adequately reflect the unity of Nature – for instance, gravitation cannot be integrated with the other three fundamental forces in the *standard model*, and there is no theory of gravitation at all. The elimination of these mathematical inconsistencies from the theory of physics by myself has allowed the development of this natural science to a truly axiomatic system of Nature based on the primary term of human or any other consciousness in All-That-Is.

This accomplishment was the much endeavoured unification of physics by many renowned physicists on the basis of mathematical formalism since the beginning of the 20th century. This was however first accomplished by the author in 1997 when he published his first volume on the new physical and mathematical theory of the Universal Law and then further developed in volume II that can be read independently of volume I and contains many more advanced derivations that cannot be found in the first book.

Essentially, volume II is a comprehensive textbook on physics, theory of mathematics and cosmology and contains the entire theoretical content as can be found for instance in the very popular textbook on physics for students at universities written by *P A Tipler*, the design of which I used as a raw version for my books on physics as to facilitate the didactic approach of the reader to the new revolutionary theory of the Universal Law.

**Notes:**

**1.** Tipler, PA, Physics, Worth Publ., New York, 1991, p. 600.

**2.** Tipler, PA, p. 717.

**3.** Tipler, PA, German ed., p. 618.

**4.** Gödel, K. Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme, Monatsheft für Math. und Phys.. 1931, p.173-198.